Tulip (Tulipa)-Bulb mite

Rhizoglyphus echinopus

Pest description and damage Mature bulb mites vary from about 0.02 to 0.03 inch (0.5 to 0.9 mm) long and have four pairs of legs. Their bodies are shiny, white, somewhat transparent, and smooth with reddish brown appendages. They are usually found in colonies. Their oval shape and sluggish behavior can deceive the human eye into identifying them as eggs. They avoid the light, and hide under damaged or diseased tissue. Bulbs infested with bulb mites may rot and fail to produce new growth, or new growth may be off-color, stunted, and distorted. Although the bulb mite is not considered a primary pest of bulbs, it is often responsible for serious losses; the slightest injury to a bulb will allow bulb mites to enter and become established. Once the mites are inside the bulb, they rapidly turn the bulbs into rotten pulp. Injured or bruised bulbs are the most susceptible to damage. Not only do mites destroy bulb tissue, but they also carry fungi and bacteria which often spur additional damage. Bulb mites also heavily affect hyacinths and lilies. Bulbs planted too late in the season are often heavily infested and dried out by the time they are planted.

Biology and life history Bulb mites rarely are noticed as isolated individuals, but rather as large colonies. All stages of the mite can be found throughout the year.

Management-cultural control

It is very important to avoid rough handling of bulbs to prevent injury that might afford an entry point for fungi and bulb mites. Bulb mites cannot withstand drought, and dry bulbs in storage usually are not attacked (unless mites are already deep inside tissue). Mites can build up on decaying vegetation. Fallow area or rotate to non-hosts if populations are high. Treat bulbs with hot water before planting.

For more information

Anon. Bulb mites. University of Florida (http://mrec.ifas.ufl.edu/Foliage/entomol/ncstate/mite2.htm)

Orloff, S., G. J. Poole.2008. Bulb mites. UC ANR Publication 3453 (http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/r584400111.html)