Pest description and damage Lecanium scale are most noticed as they expand in spring. The female lecanium scale are about 0.125 inch in diameter and vary from red to dark brown in color. They are oval and raised, resembling small "helmets," "turtles," or bumps on branches, stems, and the underside of leaves. Male scale are smaller, fairly flat, and oblong. Crawlers are present on stems and leaves in summer and through fall and winter.
For biology, life history, monitoring and management
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