Pest description and crop damage Of concern mainly to pine tree exporters. May cause moderate flagging. Boring larvae kill tips of terminals and laterals. Small trees may be killed. One generation per year.
See "Pine" in
Sampling and thresholds Pheromone lures and traps and degree-day models are available to monitor for adult flight. Successful management depends on applications that coincide with adult moth flight.
For more information
Johnson, W.T. and H.H. Lyon (1991), Insects That Feed on Trees and Shrubs, 2nd ed., Cornell University Press (p. 48-50).