Pest description and crop damage The adult coneworm is a mottled gray moth. The coneworms are small and cream-color or light brown with a darker head. Coneworms attack Douglas-fir by boring into shoot tips or stems, especially around wounds, and feeding on the soft bark tissues. The portion of the branch beyond the injured point may die back. Coneworms also may bore into green cones, feed on the soft bark of young growth, or feed inside the bark on the trunk cambium. Coneworms also attack pines, hemlocks, true firs, and spruce.
Plant nonsusceptible conifers where this pest is a problem. Remove and destroy infested cones and twigs when possible.
Chemical Control of Nursery Pests
See "Douglas-fir" in:
Christmas Tree Plantation Pests
For more information
Johnson, W.T. and H.H. Lyon (1991), Insects That Feed on Trees and Shrubs, 2nd ed., Cornell University Press (p. 48-50).