Dairy cattle-Face fly

Musca autumnalis

Biology Face flies feed on the secretions of the eyes and nose for short periods of time; only a small percentage of the local face fly population may be found on animals at any one time. These aspects of its life history make management of face fly a very difficult task. Hence, many of the products labeled for efficacious horn fly control indicate that they merely aid in face fly control.

Management-chemical control

Ear tags

  • beta-cyfluthrin/piperonyl butoxide ear tag (Cylence Ultra)-Apply one tag to each ear of all animals older than 3 months when flies appear. Remove tags at end of fly season or before slaughter.
  • permethrin ear tag (GardStar Plus)-Apply one tag per ear on all animals when flies first appear in spring. Remove before slaughter.
  • zetacypermethrin/piperonyl butoxide ear tag (Python; PYthon MagnuM)-Apply one tag per head of all animals at least 3 months old when flies appear in spring. Remove tag at the end of fly season or before slaughter.
  • zetacypermethrin/abamectin/piperonyl butoxide ear tag (Tri-Zap)-Apply one tag per ear of all animals. Remove at end of season or before slaughter.

Pour-ons, sprays

  • coumaphos (Co-Ral Fly & Tick Spray)-Mix 1 quart per 50 gal water. Spray to complete wetting to run-off. Treat no more than 6 times/year. Do not apply less than 10 days apart.
  • cyfluthrin pour-on (CyLence)-See label for dosing instructions. Pour along top of back and head of cattle of all ages. Repeat as needed but no more than once every 3 weeks.
  • dichlorvos spray (Vapona)-Dilute 1 gal in 50 gal water (1% solution) and apply 1 to 2 fl oz of solution per animal (per day) as a fine mist spray. Do not wet hide. Do not treat calves under 6 months of age. Do not apply within 1 day of slaughter.
  • dichlorvos spray (Nuvan Fog5%)-Dilute 1 gal with 3.5 gal water (1% solution) and apply 2 fl oz of solution per animal as mist spray no more than once per day. Do not treat calves under 6 months of age. Do not apply within 1 day of slaughter.
  • dichlorvos spray (Prozap Beef & Dairy RTU)-Apply 1 to 2 oz per adult animal as a mist to wet hair. Use proportionately lower rates for smaller animals. Do not exceed 2 oz per animal per day. Do not soak skin or wet hide.
  • dichlorvos/piperonyl butoxide/pyrethrins (Prozap VIP Insect Spray)-Apply 1 to 2 oz to each animal, proportional to size. Do not soak the skin or wet the hide. Do not apply more than once per day.
  • permethrin spray, ready-to-use (various manufacturers; 0.25%-1%)- Spray animal as directed.
  • permethrin spray, concentrate (various manufacturers; 10%-40%)-Dilute in water as directed. Spray animal as directed. Typical application interval is 14 days, as needed, but follow label.
  • permethrin pour-on (various manufacturers; 1%-10%)-Apply to animal as directed. Typical application interval is 14 days, as needed, but follow label.
  • permethrin/piperonyl butoxide spray, ready-to-use (various manufacturers; 1%)-Apply to animal as directed. Typical application interval is 14 days, as needed, but follow label.
  • permethrin/piperonyl butoxide spray, concentrate (various manufacturers; 10%)-Dilute in water as directed. Spray animal as directed. Typical application interval is 14 days, as needed, but follow label.
  • permethrin/piperonyl butoxide pour-on (various manufacturers; 1%-10%)-Apply to animal as directed. Typical application interval is 14 days, as needed, but follow label.
  • pyrethrin/permethrin/piperonyl butoxide spray (Raze) -Spray about 3 seconds per side. Do not spray into eyes. Repeat treatment when flies are troublesome.
  • pyrethrins spray (PyGanic Livestock & Poultry Insecticide)-Dilute at 9 oz per gal water. Apply using large-droplet spray to face of animal in morning. Do not exceed 1.5 oz of diluted solution per animal or 1 treatment per day. This organic product is OMRI listed.
  • pyrethrins spray (Evergreen Pro 60-6)-Dilute at 2 oz per gal water. Spray with large droplets avoiding eyes or wet cloth and wipe face. Apply enough to wet the face but not more than 1.5 oz per animal. Repeat daily as needed.
  • pyrethrins spray (Lynx 1.4%, 5%; Tersus 5%)-Dilute in water as directed. Spray with large droplets avoiding eyes or wet cloth and wipe face. Do not apply more than once per day.
  • pyrethrins/piperonyl butoxide spray, ready-to-use (various manufacturers; 0.1%-0.5%)-Apply to cloth and wipe on face.
  • pyrethrins/piperonyl butoxide spray, concentrate (various manufacturers; 0.96%-6%)-Dilute in water or oil as directed. Apply to cloth and wipe on face.
  • pyrethrins/piperonyl butoxide/N-octyl bicycloheptene dicarboximide spray (SSI-50)-Spray entire animal from two-foot distance as it's being released to pasture.
  • tetrachlorvinphos/dichlorvos spray (Ravap EC)-Mix 1 gal in 200 gal water or 2 oz in 3 gal. Spray with up to 0.5 gal per animal. Do not treat calves under 6 months of age. Do not treat more than once per day.

Backrubbers (oil)

  • coumaphos (Co-Ral Fly & Tick Spray)-Mix 4 quarts in 13 gal of no. 2 diesel or fuel oil. Resaturate as needed.
  • permethrin (various manufacturers; 1%-40%)-Use undiluted or dilute in oil as directed. Recharge as needed.
  • permethrin/piperonyl butoxide (various manufacturers; 1%-10%)-Use undiluted or dilute in oil as directed. Recharge as needed.
  • tetrachlorvinphos/dichlorvos (Ravap EC)-Mix 1 gal in 25 gal approved oil and use in mechanical rubbing device or burlap or rope backrubber. Recharge as needed.

Dusts

  • permethrin dust (various manufacturers; 0.25%)- Place bags so they hang 4 to 6 inches below animals' backline. Direct applications of 2 oz per animal may be repeated as needed but no more than once every 3 days.
  • pyrethrins dust (Evergreen Pyrethrum Dust 1%)-Directly apply 2 oz to animal with shaker can or other device. Can be applied through dust bag placed in area where cattle congregate or pass through. This organic product is OMRI listed.
  • tetrachlorvinphos dust (Prozap Dust'R)-Apply in dust bag, or shaker hung where cattle congregate or pass through (e.g., exit alley of milking parlor). Direct applications of 2 oz per animal may be repeated as needed but not more than once every 7 days.
  • zetacypermethrin/piperonyl butoxide dust (PYthon)-Apply in dust bag, shaker, dusting glove, or mechanical duster. Place bags so they hang 4 to 6 inches below animals' backline. Direct applications of 2 oz per animal may be repeated as needed but not more often than once every 3 days.

Feed supplements (prevent development of flies in the manure of treated cattle)

  • diflubenzuron feed supplement (ClariFly 0.04%; ClariFly 0.67%; ClariFly 8%; JustiFly 0.67%; JustiFly 3%)- Mix into grain according to label to provide 0.1 mg ai/kg (4.55 mg/100 lb) body weight per day (follow table on label). Start feeding early in spring before flies appear and discontinue when cold weather limits fly activity.
  • diflubenzuron milk supplement (elim-A-fly Add-Pack with ClariFly 0.16%; JustiFly 0.16% Milk Replacer Product)-Mix daily into milk/milk replacer according to label to provide 0.1 mg ai/kg (0.1 oz elim-A-fly /100 lb) body weight per day. Start feeding early in spring before flies appear and discontinue when cold weather limits fly activity.
  • diflubenzuron mineral tub (Vitalix ClariFly Tub)-Provide free choice with targeted consumption of 1.6 ounces per 100 lb of cow per day (~one tub per 15-25 head). Provide before flies appear until end of fly season.
  • tetrachlorvinphos mineral block (Prairie Pride Rabon)- Feed free choice, 1 block for 10-15 head of cattle.
  • tetrachlorvinphos feed supplement (Rabon 97.3; Rabon 7.76)-Include in diet or supplement at 70 mg per 100 lb body weight daily. See Mixing and Use Instructions for additional details.