Consperse stink bug (Euschistus conspersus)
Western boxelder bug (Boisea rubrolineata)
Western tarnished plant bug (Lygus hesperus) and other Lygus spp.
Pest description and crop damage Adult stink bugs are all shield-shaped, with a triangle-shaped section in the middle of their backs. They are generally up to about 0.5-0.6 inch long. The name stink bug refers to the strong odor the insects can emit if alarmed. The consperse stink bug is pale brown, yellow underneath with red antennae. The western boxelder bug is about 0.5 inch long and one-third as wide. Adults are mostly black and have three red lines on the pronotum of the thorax and several fine red lines on each wing. The wings lie flat on the bug's back when it is at rest. The abdomen is red. The young nymphs are bright red and when about half-grown become marked with black and begin to develop black wing pads. Adult lygus bugs are oval, about 0.19 inch long with a light yellow 'V' on the back. The bugs feed on developing leaves, flowers and fruit, which kills the tissue around the feeding site. They pierce fruit and cause "catfacing."
Biology and life history Adults overwinter in groundcover. They feed early in the season on weeds and may move later into other host plants. Stink bug damage is worse in dry summers, when alternative hosts dry up sooner in the season.
Eliminate weeds that serve as protection and early season food for the insect.
Management-chemical control: HOME USE
Warning: Many pesticides are hazardous to bees. Look for bee precautionary statements on product labels and do not use these products during bloom or if bees are foraging in the orchard.
- acetamiprid-Stink bug only.
- azadirachtin (neem oil)-Some formulations are OMRI-listed for organic use.
- Beauveria bassiana-For lygus only. Some formulations are OMRI-listed for organic use.
- carbaryl-Highly toxic to bees.
- esfenvalerate-Highly toxic to bees.
- gamma-cyhalothrin-Highly toxic to bees.
- imidacloprid-Highly toxic to bees. Use only on plum with stink bug. Soil drenches may have residual activity in woody plants lasting for 12 or more months. If short-term management is the goal, consider other approaches.
- kaolin-Applied as a spray to leaves, stems, and fruit, it acts as a repellant to some insect pests. Some formulations are OMRI-listed for organic use.
- lambda-cyhalothrin-Highly toxic to bees. Stink bug only.
- pyrethrins (often as a mix with other ingredients)-Some formulations are OMRI-listed for organic use.
- zeta-cypermethrin-Highly toxic to bees.
Management-chemical control: COMMERCIAL USE
- esfenvalerate (Asana XL) at 5 to 14 fl oz/a. REI 12 hr. Extremely toxic to fish and aquatic invertebrates; avoid spray drift and runoff to surface waters.
- lambda-cyhalothrin (Warrior II) at 1.28 to 2.56 fl oz/a. REI 24 hr. May disrupt beneficial mite populations. Extremely toxic to fish; avoid spray drift and surface runoff.
Spring and summer spray
- esfenvalerate (Asana XL) at 5 to 14 fl oz/a. REI 12 hr. PHI 14 days. Extremely toxic to fish and aquatic invertebrates; avoid spray drift and runoff to surface waters.
- lambda-cyhalothrin (Warrior II) at 1.28 to 2.56 fl oz/a. REI 24 hr. PHI 14 days. May disrupt beneficial mite populations. Extremely toxic to fish; avoid spray drift and surface runoff.
- thiamethoxam (Actara) at 4.5 to 5.5 oz/a. REI 12 hr. PHI 14 days. Actara is extremely toxic to bees exposed to direct treatment or residues. Do not exceed 11 oz /a per season.
- thiamethoxam/chlorantraniliprole (Voliam Flexi) at 6 to 7 oz/a. Do not apply exceed 14 oz/a of Voliam Flexi per season. REI 12 hr. PHI 14 days.