Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum)-Verticillium Wilt


Cause Verticillium dahliae, a fungus that survives in soil and cause wilt symptoms. Verticillium survives in infected debris up to 8 years and is favored by cool weather (68°F to 75°F). Verticillium dahliae infects a wide range of weed and crop plants. This wilt fungus can be spread by infested equipment, transplants, and windborne or waterborne infested soil.

Symptoms Lower leaves yellow, mostly on one side. Plants wilt during the hot part of the day but recover in the evening. Eventually the leaves remain wilted, shrivel, turn brown, and die. The vascular system discolors. Growth is retarded, and yields are low. Can be confused with Fusarium foot rot.

Cultural control

  • Use resistant varieties. They are marked with a V (for Verticillium resistance) Several V lines are available from seed companies.
  • Home gardeners should remove and destroy all affected plant tissue, including roots.
  • Rotating out of tomatoes 4 to 6 years may reduce losses, but success is not assured because the host range is so wide.

Chemical control

  • OSO 5% SC (Group 19) at 3.75 to 13 fl oz/A on 7- to 14-day intervals. Can be applied the day of harvest. 4-hr reentry. O
  • Regalia (Group P5) at 1 to 2 quarts/A as an in-furrow treatment. Does not benefit from the addition of an adjuvant. 4-hr reentry. O

Biological control

  • Prestop as a soil drench or incorporation into growing medium. 4-hr reentry. O
  • Stargus at 6 to 8 fl oz per 1,000 ft row as an in-furrow treatment, or 3 to 4 quarts/A as a soil drench (drip or chemigation) on 10- to 21-day intervals. Preharvest interval is 0 days. 4-hr reentry. O