Pest description and crop damage Tiny, spiderlike animals found on the underside of foliage and on plant terminals. Spider mites become a problem when air temperatures begin increasing in the summer. Dry, dusty conditions favor these pests. Mites feed on leaf surfaces. Yellowing and bronzing on the top side of the leaves indicates the presence of mite colonies on the underside. Lots of webbing and leaf desiccation indicate severe mite infestation.
Scouting and thresholds Sampling for mites requires close visual inspection. Shake plants over a white pail and look for tiny moving dots. A 10x hand lens helps. Mite populations can increase rapidly, so it is important to scout frequently.
- bifenthrin (Bifenture EC, Brigade 2EC) at 3.9 to 6.4 fl oz/a (0.06 to 0.1 lb ai/a). REI 12 hr. Allow at least 21 days between applications. This product is highly toxic to bees exposed to direct treatment or residues on blooming crops or weeds. Use prebloom (allow 5 days before introducing pollinators) or after pollination. Do not exceed three applications per crop year. Extremely toxic to fish and aquatic invertebrates, so follow buffer zone restrictions on the label. Do not apply through chemigation. No portion of treated plants can be used for food or feed. 24c SLNs: BifentureEC (Idaho and Washington only) ID-080010 (expires 12/31/19), WA-070014 (expires 12/31/23); Brigade 2EC (Oregon only) OR-070014 (expires 12/31/18).
- etoxazole (Zeal)-See SLN label for rates. REI 12 hr. Best results are achieved when mite populations are low. The product is predominantly an ovicide/larvicide and should be used early in the life cycle of mites. Do not make more than one application per season. Extremely toxic to aquatic invertebrates. Avoid drift and runoff to fish-bearing bodies of water. Ground application only. Do not apply through any type of irrigation system. No portion of treated plants can be used for food or feed. 24c SLNs: OR-090019 (expires 12/31/19), WA-090001 (expires 12/31/18), ID-090005 (expires 12/31/19).
- hexythiazox (Onager, Onager Optek) at 12 to 20 oz/a (0.09 to 0.156 lb ai/a) in at least 10 gal/a water. REI 12 hr. Apply prior to adult mite build up, this product does not control adult mites. Do not apply by air in Washington. Do not apply through any type of irrigation system. Do not apply more than once per year. Rotation crop restrictions. This pesticide is toxic to fish and aquatic invertebrates. Do not use the product where impact on listed threatened or endangered species is likely. No portion of treated plants can be used for food or feed. 24c SLNs: Onager WA-040022 (expires 12/31/19), ID-080013 (expires 12/31/19); Onager Optek WA-170013 (expires 12/31/21). Washington and Idaho only.
- propargite (Comite) at 2 to 3 pints/a (1.6 to 2.5 lb ai/a). REI 2 days (Idaho allows 1 day reentry for hand weeding and thinning). Hand harvest prohibited for 13 days in Idaho and Oregon. Start applications as soon as mites appear. Complete coverage is necessary for effective control. Allow at least 14 days between applications. Do not make more than two applications per season. Do not apply through any type of irrigation system. This pesticide is toxic to fish and aquatic invertebrates and may cause reproductive effects in wildlife. Do not apply directly to water or areas where surface water is present. Do not apply by ground equipment within 50 feet or by aerial equipment within 75 feet of bodies of water. Hand harvest of carrots is prohibited for 13 days after application. Rotation crop restrictions. No portion of treated plants can be used for food or feed. 24c SLNs: ID-770005 (expires 12/31/18), OR-080017 (expires 12/31/18), WA-040019 (expires 12/31/19).