carfentrazone-ethyl (QuickSilver T&O Herbicide)
Rate Category 1: stand-alone product for weeds: Use 1 to 2.1 fl oz/a or 0.023 to 0.048 fl oz/1,000 sq ft. Category 2: Stand-alone product for silvery thread moss: 6.7 fl oz/a or 0.154 fl oz/1,000 sq ft, with a second application after 2 weeks, at the same rate.
Time During daylight, apply to moss in turfgrasses listed on label.
Remarks QuickSilver T&O Herbicide is a contact herbicide with little or no residual activity. It provides selective postemergence control of broadleaf weeds and silvery thread moss (Bryum argenteum) in turfgrass. It is an aryl triazolinone herbicide that interrupts chlorophyll synthesis, and produces metabolic byproducts that disrupt plant cell membranes. This process occurs only in susceptible green plants in the presence of light. Symptoms may appear on foliage in 24 hr or less in susceptible plants. Complete desiccation and death occur 7 to 14 days after application. QuickSilver is rainfast within 1 hr after application. Established cool-season grasses generally tolerate applications at labeled rates. Tall fescue may yellow slightly within 3 to 5 days after application under some conditions. Recovery typically is within 4 to 7 days. If such injury cannot be tolerated, apply to a small test area before treating a large area. QuickSilver produces herbicidal symptoms only in the weed parts it contacts directly. For best results, select a spray volume and nozzle system that ensure thorough, uniform coverage, and minimize fine spray droplets. Spray droplets larger than 400 microns may reduce coverage and reduce weed control. Apply in spray volumes of 20 to 175 gal/a (0.5 to 4 gal/1,000 sq ft). Use higher spray volumes on dense weed populations, turfgrass canopies, or where uniform coverage is difficult to obtain. QuickSilver can be applied at 7 days or more after emergence to creeping bentgrass, tall fescue, perennial ryegrass, and Kentucky bluegrass.
Caution Do not apply to carpetgrass or dichondra or to lawns or turf with desirable clovers. Avoid spray drift to nontarget, desirable, susceptible plants such as vegetables, flowers, ornamentals, trees, and shrubs. Do not apply when conditions favor spray drift or poor spray coverage. Do not exceed 6.7 fl oz/a (0.1 lb ai/a) per application or 0.4 lb ai/a per season. Allow at least 2 weeks between sequential broadcast applications. Do not apply by air or through any type of irrigation system. Quicksilver can be tank-mixed with other products, but observe all label restrictions on turf tolerance of companion products. Maintain spray solution between pH 5 and pH 8.
Site of action Group 14: protoporphyrinogen oxidase inhibitor
Chemical family Triazinone
ferrous sulfate (Moss Max)
Rate 4 lb product/1,000 sq ft for normal moss invasion; For heavy moss: use 8 lb product/1,000 sq ft according to Moss Max label.
Time Apply to moss in early spring and fall when grass is actively growing so that grass will continue to grow and fill in the bare areas after the moss dies.
Remarks Iron compounds act as contact herbicides, and are available in granular and liquid formulations. Treatments are effective whenever moss is actively growing.
Caution Iron stains concrete and painted surfaces. Keep sprays away from these surfaces. Turf may be temporarily discolored (blackened) at high application rates.
potassium salts of fatty acids (Brandt Moss-Aside)
Rate Product is a ready-to-use formulation that is 3% potassium salts of fatty acids
Time Apply to moss in early spring and fall when grass is actively growing and will fill in the bare areas after moss dies.
Remarks Potassium salts of fatty acids act as contact herbicides and are available as liquid concentrates. Treatments are effective whenever moss is actively growing.
Caution May temporarily discolor treated grasses. Product is safe on concrete and other surfaces.