Annual Grass and Broadleaf Weed Control After Planting

carfentrazone (Aim EC)

Rate Up to 0.031 lb ai/a (2 fl oz/a Aim EC)

Time Apply during planting or up to 24 hours after potatoes have been planted. Applications must be made before the crop emerges.

Application methods Ground in a minimum of 10 gal/a or aerial in a minimum of 3 gal/a. Use higher spray volumes when there is a dense weed population or crop canopy. Apply Aim EC with a crop oil concentrate at 1% v/v or a methylated seed oil at a minimum of 1 quart/a or 1% v/v when applied in volumes of more than 20 gal/a.

Remarks Apply to actively growing weeds not more than 4 inches tall or rosettes 3 inches in diameter. Coverage is essential for good control. Tank-mixes with other herbicides may increase spectrum of control.

Caution Do not exceed 0.031 lb ai/a (2 fl oz Aim EC) for preplant and/or preemergence burndown treatments. Do not exceed 0.181 lb ai/a (11.6 fl oz Aim EC) total per crop season. This total allowable usage applies to all applications made to the field per calendar year including burndown treatments and harvest-aide.

Tank-mixtures Tank-mixes with other herbicides labeled for preemergence burndown applications in potato such as glyphosate or paraquat may increase spectrum of control. Read and follow applicable "Restrictions and Limitations and Directions for Use" on all product labels in a tank-mixture. The most restrictive labeling applies to use of tank-mixtures.

Re-cropping restrictions Following an application of Aim EC, a registered crop may be planted at any time.

Rotational cropping restrictions A field may be rotated to a registered crop at any time after an Aim EC application. All other crops may be planted after 12 months.

Site of action Group 14: protoporphyrinogen oxidase (Protox) inhibitor

Chemical family Triazolinone

dimethenamid-P (Outlook 6EC, 6 lb ai/gal)

Rate 12 to 18 fl oz/a (0.56 to 0.84 lb ai/a) in coarse soils and 18 to 21 fl oz/a (0.84 to 1 lb ai/a) in medium- or fine-textured soils. One application only. Do not exceed 21 fl oz/a per season.

Time Apply preemergence only after planting or dragoff.

Application methods Preemergence by ground, chemigation, aerial, or impregnated onto dry bulk fertilizer application. Will not control weeds emerged from soil. Application must be made to clean-tilled soil or with other herbicides that control emerged weeds. Chemigate only through center pivot, lateral move, solid set, or hand move irrigation systems. Apply in at least 0.33 to 0.67 inch of water, using the lower volume on coarser soils and the higher volume on finer soils. Applying in more than 1 inch volume may reduce weed control. See labels for specific application methods and requirements.

Incorporation methods For effective control after ground or aerial preemergence application, rain or sprinkler irrigation or shallow mechanical incorporation is required to move the herbicide into the upper soil surface where weed seeds germinate. Performance is best if either rain or overhead irrigation is within 7 days after application.

Remarks In cold or wet growing conditions, Outlook may cause delayed emergence or early-season stunting of potatoes.

Caution To avoid adverse effects on endangered plant species, comply with the following mitigation measures where these species grow in the counties listed below. Aerial applications must leave a 150-ft untreated buffer between treatment area and endangered plant populations. Ground applications must use low-pressure nozzles that produce only medium to coarse or very coarse droplets and leave a 35-ft untreated buffer between treatment area and endangered plant populations. In Idaho, Kootenai County; in Oregon, Baker, Benton, Josephine, Klamath, Lane, Marion, and Union counties; in Washington, Lincoln County.

Tank-mixtures Read and follow applicable "Restrictions and Limitations and Directions for Use" on all product labels in a tank-mixture. The most restrictive labeling applies to use of tank-mixtures. Outlook may be applied before, in tank-mixtures with, or after the use of one or more of these registered herbicides: Chateau, Eptam, rimsulfuron, Poast Plus, Prowl, Select, metribuzin, Treflan HFP, glyphosate, or paraquat.

Re-cropping restrictions If Outlook has been applied to potatoes and the crop fails due to weather or other reasons, replanting potatoes is not recommended. Any other crop for which Outlook soil applications are registered may be planted (e.g., corn, dry bean, grain, horseradish, sorghum, soybean).

Rotational cropping restrictions Fall-seeded cereal crops may be planted 4 months after Outlook application. There are no rotational crop restrictions the spring after application in the previous year's potato crop.

Site of action Group 15: inhibits very long chain fatty acid synthesis

Chemical family Chloroacetamide

EPTC (Eptam 7E, 7 lb ai/gal)

Rate 3.5 to 9 pints/a (3 to 7.9 lb ai/a) preemergence, 3.5 to 7 pints/a (3 to 6 lb ai/a) drag-off or early postemergence. For nutsedge control, preemergence/dragoff: 7 pints/a. Do not exceed 14 pints/a (12.25 lb ai/a) per crop year.

Time Dragoff/preemergence, or early postemergence. Preharvest interval is 30 days.

Application methods Soil surface must be free of dew and incidental moisture, and dry to at least 0.5 inch deep. Incorporate into soil to prevent losing the herbicide. Any cultivation after application should be shallow (i.e., half the depth that the herbicide was incorporated). Preemergence: ground-apply after planting and before emergence, and incorporate. Eptam can be ground-applied preemergence at dragoff, or after hilling, and incorporated with spike-toothed harrows or cultivation equipment. See label for equipment-specific details. Eptam can be applied preemergence by chemigation after clean cultivation. In eastern Washington, eastern Oregon, and Idaho only, ground-apply Eptam preemergence and sprinkler-incorporate with irrigation; see instructions below. Eptam applied preemergence is most effective when applied immediately after hilling to a weed-free surface, because it is not effective on emerged weeds. Postemergence (layby): apply as a directed spray to soil after potatoes emerge and incorporate. Eptam is not effective as a foliar spray on emerged weeds.

Incorporation methods Preemergence: incorporate with power-driven cultivation equipment or rolling cultivators set to cut 2 to 3 inches deep, or with rotary hoes/row wheels set to cut 1 to 1.5 inches deep. Take care that machinery does not damage potato seed pieces or elongating sprouts. Chemigate preemergence applications before weeds emerge, or after a clean cultivation, by metering into sufficient irrigation water to penetrate 3 to 4 inches deep. Preemergence at dragoff: use spike-tooth harrows or cultivation equipment to incorporate. Preemergence after hilling: ground-apply and sprinkler-incorporate immediately with 0.5 to 0.75 inch water (although label says to sprinkler-incorporate within 36 hours after ground application). Application and incorporation must be within 5 days after the last tillage; results will be poor if weeds have germinated. Postemergence (layby): apply as a directed spray to soil after potatoes emerge and incorporate postplant treatments 2 to 3 inches deep with a rolling cultivator or other equipment suggested on label for postplant incorporation. Take care that machinery does not damage potato seed pieces or elongating sprouts. Apply with chemigation by metering into sufficient water to penetrate 3 to 4 inches deep. Apply Eptam before weeds emerge or after a clean cultivation. For semiarid areas of eastern Washington, eastern Oregon, and Idaho only: sprinkler-incorporate Eptam immediately after ground application with 0.5 to 0.75 inch water. Application and incorporation must be within 5 days after the last tillage; results will be poor if weeds have germinated.

Remarks Eptam is not effective on emerged weeds. Eptam is highly volatile. It must be applied to soil that is free from dew and other moisture, and dry to at least 0.5 inch deep. Whenever possible, apply and incorporate in the same operation. If application and incorporation are separate, Eptam must be incorporated the same day as it is applied.

Caution Do not exceed 14 pints/a (12.25 lb ai/a) per crop year. Preharvest interval is 45 days. Using a Dammer Diker (reservoir tillage) after applying Eptam brings untreated soil to the surface; weed control may be reduced.

Tank-mixtures Read and follow applicable "Restrictions and Limitations and Directions for Use" on all product labels in a tank-mixture. The most restrictive labeling applies to use of tank-mixtures. Eptam may be applied in tank-mixtures with one or more of these registered herbicides: preemergence-Chateau, rimsulfuron, Outlook, Prowl, metribuzin, or in a three-way tank-mixture with Dual Magnum + Prowl; postemergence-with metribuzin (up to 6-inch potato height), rimsulfuron. In the Pacific Northwest and northern regions defined on label, Eptam + metribuzin tank-mixtures can be applied only by chemigation.

Re-cropping restrictions No re-cropping or rotational restrictions for Eptam on label.

Site of action Group 8: lipid synthesis inhibitor but not an ACCase inhibitor

Chemical family Thiocarbamate

ethalfluralin (Sonalan HFP, 3 lb ai/gal)

Rate 1.33 to 2.67 pints/a (0.5 to 1 lb ai/a). Rate ranges for coarse-, medium-, and fine-textured soils: 1.33 to 2 pints/a, 2 to 2.67 pints/a, 2.67 pints/a

Time After planting, and prior to potato emergence only. If incorporation by rainfall or sprinkler irrigation is planned, then apply immediately after planting for best results. Do not apply after potato emergence.

Application methods Preemergence-ground or chemigation (overhead sprinkler irrigation in 0.5 to 1 inch water).

Incorporation methods Preemergence: by rainfall or sprinkler incorporation 0.5 to 1 inch of water. If continuous rainfall or irrigation of 0.5 to 1 inch water occurs within 2 days of application, then no further incorporation is needed. Sonalan HFP can be incorporated mechanically if rainfall or irrigation does not occur within 2 days after application. Mix thoroughly in the top 2 to 3 inches of soil. Set incorporation equipment so that the bed and furrow will be uniformly covered with a layer of treated soil. Avoid disturbing seed pieces and/or unemerged shoots. Do not expose untreated soil during the mechanical incorporation process. Do not incorporate using furrow irrigation.

Remarks Rainfall or sprinkler irrigation prior to application tends to seal the soil surface. When rain or sprinkler irrigation incorporation is intended, Sonalan HFP moves more effectively into the weed germination zone if it is applied immediately after tillage and planting. Sonalan HFP may be shallowly cultivated after application and incorporation without reducing weed control, as long as no untreated soil is exposed.

Caution Do not exceed 2.67 pints/a per season. Do not apply after crop emergence.

Tank-mixtures Read and follow applicable "Restrictions and Limitations and Directions for Use" on all product labels in a tank-mixture. The most restrictive labeling applies to use of tank-mixtures.

Re-cropping restrictions If replanting is required, then plant only crops listed on the Sonalan HFP labels.

Rotational cropping restrictions Sugar beets may be planted no earlier than 8 months after application and a moldboard plowing operation to a depth of at least 12 inches before planting. No other rotational cropping restrictions are listed on the label for Idaho, Oregon, or Washington; however, refer to the label for special rotation restrictions in other states.

Site of action Group 3: microtubule assembly inhibitor

Chemical family Dinitroaniline

flumioxazin (Chateau 51% WDG)

Rate 1.5 oz/a (0.047 lb ai/a) for preemergence suppression of weeds such as hairy nightshade, common lambsquarters, Palmer amaranth, redroot pigweed, and wild mustard. 1.5 oz/a suppresses weeds listed when applied to soils with up to 5% organic matter. Do not exceed 1.5 oz/a in a single application or growing season.

Time Apply after hilling but before potatoes emerge. At least 2 inches of soil must cover the vegetative part of the potato plant at application. If applied to potatoes with less than 2 inches of soil cover, or during or after potatoes emerge, potato crop may be injured. Chateau may not control weeds that germinate after application but before an activating rain or irrigation.

Application methods Ground, chemigation (center pivot only, end guns must be turned off), and aerial. Best timing is shortly after hilling, before potatoes emerge. See labels for specific application methods and requirements. Use 10 to 30 gal/a spray solution to ensure adequate coverage. Apply via chemigation in 0.5 to 0.75 inches water during the first sprinkler set.

Incorporation methods Moisture is necessary to activate Chateau in soil for residual weed control. When moisture after application is not adequate, at least 0.25 inch sprinkler irrigation may improve weed control. Rain or irrigation should be as soon as possible and within 7 days after application, and before the most advanced potato sprouts are within 2 inches of the settled soil surface. Mechanically incorporating into soil or cultivating after applying reduces residual weed control is not recommended.

Remarks Chateau has low solubility compared with most other herbicides used in potato production. Low herbicide solubility usually leads to low mobility in the soil profile. Thus, Chateau most likely will not move out of the weed-seed germination zone. Application to poorly drained soil and/or during cool, wet weather may injure crop. Treated soil splashed on newly emerged crops may temporarily injure crop. Potato varieties may vary in their response to Chateau.

Caution At least 2 inches of settled soil must cover the vegetative part of the potato plant at application or crop can be damaged. After applying Chateau, properly clean spray equipment before applying other materials to any crop foliage; see "Sprayer Cleanup" on labels for specific information. No preharvest interval is listed on labels.

Tank-mixtures Tank mix Chateau with other preemergence-labeled herbicides for broad-spectrum weed control. Read and follow applicable "Restrictions and Limitations and Directions for Use" on all product labels in a tank-mixture. The most restrictive labeling applies to use of tank-mixtures.

Re-cropping and rotational restrictions Replanting potatoes is not recommended if the treated potato crop fails (e.g., due to hail or other bad weather). If potatoes are replanted do not reapply Chateau. Soybeans may be planted immediately after the Chateau application. Field corn, sorghum, sunflower, or wheat can be planted 30 days after a Chateau application if at least 1 inch of rain or irrigation has occurred between application and replanting. Barley, dry and snap beans, peas, rye, and sweet corn may be planted 3 months after application. Alfalfa, canola, clover, oats, and sugar beets may be planted 4 months after application if soil is tilled before planting, or 8 months after application if soil is not tilled before planting. All other crops not listed may be planted 4 months after application if soil is tilled prior to planting, or 8 months after application if soil is not tilled before planting if a successful soil bioassay was performed before planting. See labels for all other crops not listed.

Site of action Group 14: protoporphyrinogen oxidase (Protox) inhibitor

Chemical family N-phenylphthalimide

fomesafen (Reflex 2 lb ai/gal)

For use in potatoes grown under overhead irrigation, only.

Idaho: only for distribution and use in potatoes within the counties of Ada, Bingham, Bonneville, Canyon, Cassia, Clark, Elmore, Gooding, Jefferson, Jerome, Minidoka, Owyhee, Payette, Power, and Twin Falls. (EPA Special Local Needs, 24c label ID-110004 expiring April 10, 2019).

Oregon: only for distribution and use in potatoes within the counties of Malheur, Morrow, and Umatilla. (EPA Special Local Needs, 24c label OR-140001 expiring December 31, 2023).

Washington: only for distribution and use in potatoes in the counties of Adams, Benton, Franklin, and Grant (EPA Special Local Needs, 24c label WA-130008 expiring December 31, 2022.

NOTE: all 24(c) labels expire on date stated or until otherwise amended, withdrawn, canceled, suspended, or ended. Check your state department of agriculture pesticide registration for current 24(c) in your state..

Rate 1 pint/a (0.25 lb ai/a)

Time Preemergence (only) after planting but before potato emergence.

Application methods Ground, chemigation (center pivot only), and aerial. Best timing is shortly after hilling, before potatoes and weeds emerge. Ground application: use a minimum of 10 gal/a spray solution to ensure adequate coverage. Apply via center pivot chemigation only in 0.5 to 1 inches water. Use the lower volume (0.5 inch) on coarser soils and the higher volume (1 inch) on fine-textured soils. Application in more than 1 inch of water may reduce weed control by moving the herbicide below the effective zone in the soil profile. When sprinkler distribution patterns do not overlap sufficiently, unacceptable weed control may result and where sprinkler distribution patterns overlap excessively, crop injury may result. Read and follow all chemigation instructions on the Reflex label. Aerial application: should be made in a minimum of 5 gal/a spray solution and with a maximum of 40 PSI pressure.

Incorporation methods Because moisture is necessary to activate Reflex in soil for residual weed control, the herbicide may be more effective if rainfall or irrigation occurs shortly after ground or aerial application. If adequate rainfall is not received after a Reflex application, at least 0.25 inch overhead sprinkler irrigation before potatoes and weeds emerge may improve weed control. Mechanically incorporating into soil or cultivating after applying reduces residual weed control is not recommended.

Remarks Reflex effectiveness will be reduced if later cultural practices expose nontreated soil. Potato varieties may vary in their response to Reflex. Always determine tolerance before using Reflex on a variety for the first time. Some variety tolerance research results may be available through university research and extension personnel.

Caution Do not use Reflex in potatoes grown for seed. Do not exceed 1 pint /a of Reflex per season. Do not apply to a field more than once every two years. Do not harvest potatoes treated with Reflex within 70 days of application. Application to emerged potato plants will cause severe crop injury. Apply only to soils with less than 2% organic matter. Do not apply after June 1.

Tank-mixtures Reflex may be applied preemergence with other potato herbicides labeled for this timing and application methods. Read and follow applicable restrictions and limitations and directions for Use on all product labels in a tank-mixture. The most restrictive labeling applies to use of tank-mixtures. If you have no previous experience mixing Reflex with these potato herbicides under your conditions, perform a compatibility test before attempting large-scale mixing (see tank-mix compatibility test sections on the labels).

Re-cropping and rotational restrictions If replanting is necessary, the field may be replanted to cotton, dry beans, potatoes, snap beans, or soybeans with no delay. During replanting, minimize soil disturbance to preserve the herbicide barrier for effective weed control. Do not make a second application of Reflex or other fomesafen-containing product as crop injury or illegal residues may occur in harvested crops. The following rotational crops may be planted immediately after applying Reflex: cotton; dry beans; potatoes; snap beans; or soybeans. Wheat can be planted 4 months after application if a successful field bioassay has been performed. The minimum rotational interval after Reflex application for all other crops not listed on the label is 18 months after application, however, a successful field bioassay must be performed before planting these crops. Refer to the "Field Bioassay Instructions" section on the label for details. Do not graze rotated small grain crops or harvest forage or straw for livestock. To prevent injury to rotational crops, a minimum of 22 inches cumulative irrigation must occur during the period after Reflex application through potato harvest. Avoid overlapping spray or chemigation swaths or injury to rotational crops could occur.

Site of action Group 14: protoporphyrinogen oxidase (Protox) inhibitor

Chemical family Nitrophenylether

glyphosate (Glyphosate Original, Roundup PowerMAX, Roundup WeatherMAX, Roundup Custom, Roundup Original Max; or others)

Rate 0.38 to 1.1 lb ae/a for most species

Time Delay herbicide application to allow maximum weed emergence but apply before potatoes emerge. Herbicide will not control weeds that emerge after application. In coarse or sandy soils, apply before potato sprouting to minimize crop damage.

Application methods See label for rates and gal/a of water recommended for specific species. Some glyphosate formulations require use of nonionic surfactant; see label for details on additive use. Adding 1% to 2% dry ammonium sulfate (AMS) by weight or 8.5 to 17 lb/100 gal spray-mix may increase performance. The equivalent rate of AMS in a liquid formulation also may be used.

Remarks Good growing conditions enhance glyphosate activity.

Caution Glyphosate applied after crop emergence will injure or kill potatoes. Follow all use restrictions and precautions on label.

Tank-mixtures are not stated or approved on most glyphosate labels. Read and follow applicable "Restrictions and Limitations and Directions for Use" on all product labels in a tank-mixture. The most restrictive labeling applies to use of tank-mixtures.

Site of action Group 9: inhibits EPSP synthase

Chemical family None generally accepted

linuron (Linex, 4 lb ai/gal)

Idaho: EPA Special Local Needs, 24(c) label ID -130001 expiring December 31, 2020.

Oregon: EPA Special Local Needs, 24(c) label OR-160005 (expiring December 31, 2021). Limited to potatoes grown in eastern Oregon and the Klamath Basin in southern Oregon only. Do not apply this product to potatoes grown west of the Cascade Mountain Range in Oregon.

Washington: EPA Special Local Needs, 24(c) label WA-130002 (expiring December 31, 2019).

NOTE: all 24(c) labels expire on date stated or until otherwise amended, withdrawn, canceled, suspended, or ended. Check your state department of agriculture pesticide registration for current 24(c) in your state.

Refer to the 24(c) label for weeds specified for your state.

Rate 1 to 2 pints/a (0.5 to 1 lb ai/a) Use the lower end of the rate range for potatoes grown on calcareous or low organic matter (OM) soils.

Time Preemergence (only) after planting and the last hilling operation but before potato emergence. Apply and incorporate Linex before potatoes are cracking through the soil surface. Make only one application per year.

Application methods Ground or chemigation [linear (lateral) move, center pivot and solid set]. Do not apply by air.

Incorporation methods Best results are obtained when applied to moist soils. Irrigate powder dry soils before application.

For ground application, sprinkler-incorporate before potato emergence. Chemigation: apply in 1/3 to 1 inch water through a traveling system metering into the water the entire application period or in the last 30 minutes of solid-set or hand-moved irrigation systems. Use lower water volume on coarse soils and higher volume on fine-texture soils.

Remarks Effectiveness will be reduced if later cultivation exposes untreated soil. Always test this product and any tank-mix combinations first on a small scale for varietal tolerance. Soils high in clay or organic matter (OM) content require higher rates than soil low in clay or OM content to attain equivalent herbicide performance. If emerged weeds are present, a light surfactant may be used. Results of weeds already emerged could vary by rate applied, species, and environmental conditions.

Caution Do not apply by air. Apply and incorporate Linex before potatoes are cracking through the soil surface. Use caution when applying to soils with less than 1% OM including calcareous soils since the potato crop can be more susceptible to injury in these conditions.

Re-cropping restrictions If a crop treated with Linex fails, any crop registered for the rate applied may be planted immediately. Thoroughly re-work the field. Do not make a second Linex application.

Rotational cropping restrictions Any crop registered for the Linex rate applied may be planted immediately. Otherwise, West of the Rockies do not plant any other crop until 12 months after the last Linex application.

Site of action Group 7: Photosystem II inhibitor but different binding site than Groups 5 or 6.

Chemical family Urea

metolachlor (Stalwart or others, 8 lb ai/gal)

Rate Preemergence: 1 to 2 pints/a (1 to 2 lb ai/a). After hilling/layby: 1.67 pints/a (1.67 lb ai/a). Use lower rate on coarse soils or soils low in organic matter (OM). Use higher rate on soils that are relatively fine or high in OM. Up to 2.75 pints/a can be used on soils with 6% to 20% OM.

Time Preemergence before weeds emerge, or postemergence after hilling/layby. Do not apply as both a preplant-incorporated and a preemergence treatment. The layby application can be made over a previous application of this product, but do not exceed 3.7 pints/a Stalwart per season. Do not harvest potatoes within 60 days of the preemergence application from planting to dragoff, or within 40 days after a layby application.

Application methods Ground, chemigation (center pivot only, preemergence only), or aerial. Stalwart may be applied impregnated on dry fertilizer.

Incorporation methods Preemergence: apply after planting or after dragoff or hilling operations before potato or weeds emerge. Postemergence after hilling/layby: application will not control emerged weeds. Sprinkler-incorporate preemergence or layby applications within 7 to 10 days. Chemigation: apply preemergence only in 0.5 to 1 inch irrigation water. Meter into water during entire application period. Use lower water volume on coarse soils and higher volume on fine-texture soils. More than 1 inch chemigation water volume can reduce weed control if herbicide moves below effective zone in soil.

Remarks Effectiveness will be reduced if later cultivation exposes untreated soil. If conditions are cool and wet after application, Stalwart may delay maturity and/or reduce yield of "Superior" and other early-maturing varieties.

Caution Do not use on muck or peat soils.

Tank-mixtures Read and follow applicable "Restrictions and Limitations and Directions for Use" on all product labels in a tank-mixture. The most restrictive labeling applies to use of tank-mixtures. Stalwart may be applied with metribuzin preemergence. Apply this tank-mix postemergence only as a directed or semi-directed spray to avoid chlorosis, minor necrosis, or leaf discoloration. Stalwart may be applied with Prowl preemergence, preemergence incorporated, or early postemergence, as Prowl label directs. Stalwart may be applied in a three-way tank-mixture with Prowl + Eptam.

Re-cropping restrictions If a crop treated with Stalwart fails, any Stalwart-labeled crop may be planted immediately. Do not make a second broadcast application of Stalwart. If Stalwart was banded in the failed crop and the second crop is planted in the untreated row middles, a second banded treatment may be applied.

Rotational cropping restrictions Alfalfa may be planted after 4 months; barley, oats, rye, or wheat may be planted at 4.5 months; and tomato may be planted 6 months after Stalwart application. Clover may be planted 8 months after application. Any Stalwart-labeled crop or root crops, tobacco, barley, buckwheat, milo (sorghum), oat, rye, wheat, cabbage, or peppers may be planted the spring after Stalwart applications the previous growing season. All other rotational crops may be planted 12 months after a layby application. Any Stalwart-labeled crop or tobacco, cabbage, or peppers may be planted the next spring after layby or multiple applications of Stalwart.

Site of action Group 15: inhibits very long chain fatty acid synthesis

Chemical family Chloroacetamide

metribuzin (Metribuzin 4L or others, 4 lb ai/gal; or Metribuzin 75; TriCor DF or others, 75%)

Rate Preemergence: use 0.5 to 2 pints/a metribuzin 4L or 0.33 to 1.3 lb/a of other DF (0.25 to 1 lb ai/a) not exceeding 0.5 lb ai/a on sandy soils or sensitive varieties; use 0.25 to 0.5 lb ai/a to control wild mustard only. Postemergence for redroot pigweed and common lambsquarters: use 0.5 to 1 pint/a metribuzin 4L, or 0.33 to 0.67 lb/a of the DF (0.25 to 0.5 lb ai/a). Postemergence for other weeds listed on label: use 1 pint/a metribuzin 4L or 0.67 lb/a of the DF (0.5 lb ai/a). Split applications, preemergence + postemergence: not exceeding 1 lb ai/a total per season. Split applications (postemergence + postemergence) in Idaho, Oregon, and Washington only: two postemergence applications can be made if metribuzin has been applied postemergence. Redroot pigweed and common lambsquarters only: 0.5 to 1 pint/a metribuzin 4L or 0.33 to 0.67 lb/a of the DF (0.25 to 0.5 lb ai/a), not to exceed 0.375 lb ai/a per application on coarse (sandy) soils with low organic matter. For other weeds listed on label and for hairy nightshade suppression, on medium and heavy soils: 0.5 lb ai/a per application. Allow at least 14 days before the second postemergence application. Postemergence for redroot pigweed and common lambsquarters: use 0.5 to 1 pint/a metribuzin 4L, or 0.33 to 0.67 lb/a of the DF (0.25 to 0.5 lb ai/a). Postemergence for other weeds listed on label-use 1 pint/a metribuzin 4 or 0.67 lb/a of the DF (0.5 lb ai/a). Split applications, preemergence + postemergence: not exceeding 1 lb ai/a total per season. Split applications (postemergence + postemergence) in Idaho, Oregon, and Washington only: two postemergence applications can be made if metribuzin has been applied postemergence. Redroot pigweed and common lambsquarters only: 0.5 to 1 pint/a metribuzin 4L or 0.33 to 0.67 lb/a of the DF (0.25 to 0.5 lb ai/a), not to exceed 0.375 lb ai/a per application on coarse (sandy) soils with low organic matter. For other weeds listed on label and for hairy nightshade suppression, on medium and heavy soils: 0.5 lb ai/a per application. Allow at least 14 days before the second postemergence application. Common cocklebur, most mustards, shepherdspurse, or most grass species listed on label are controlled with preemergence but not postemergence applications. Russian thistle can be controlled only with postemergence applications. Other weeds listed on label may be controlled with preemergence or postemergence applications, except for barnyardgrass and common sunflower, which require two applications for control. See supplemental label for rates in seed potato fields.

Time Both formulations may be applied preemergence or postemergence before weeds are 1 inch tall; or preemergence + postemergence or twice postemergence 14 days apart if not used preemergence. For optimum control with postemergence metribuzin, apply before weeds are 1 inch tall. Do not apply within 24 hours of applying other pesticides. Do not apply after June 30 if treated land is to be planted to crops other than potatoes. Do not apply metribuzin within 60 days of harvest.

Application methods Ground, chemigation, or aerial.

Incorporation methods Do not mechanically incorporate preemergence metribuzin treatments. Metribuzin may be applied preemergence and/or early postemergence through center pivot, solid set, and lateral roll system sprinklers. Apply proper rate in 0.25 to 0.75 inch of water (0.25 to 0.5 inch on sandy soil) as a continuous injection in center pivot and self-propelled wheel move systems, or in the last 15 to 30 min of set-in solid-set sprinkler irrigation systems.

Remarks Metribuzin may not control triazine-resistant weeds populations. If applying postemergence with ground equipment, overhead moisture from rain or sprinkler irrigation within 24 hours after application may decrease control. Mechanical cultivation after treatment reduces weed control and may injure potato.

Caution Atlantic, Bellchip, CalWhite, Cascade, Centennial Russet, Cherry Red, Chieftan, Chipbelle, Dark Red Norland, Hi Plains, Hilite Russet, Jelly, Keystone Russet, Mazama, Modoc, Norchip, Nordonna, NorValley, Owyhee Russet, Red LaSoda, Red Norland, Shepody, Silverton Russet, Snowden, Superior, Wallowa Russet, Western Russet, White Pearl and White Rose varieties are susceptible/moderately susceptible to metribuzin and may be injured. Do not apply postemergence to early-maturing, smooth-skinned, white-skinned, or red-skinned varieties of potato. Other new varieties may be sensitive to metribuzin applied preemergence or postemergence. When growing varieties for the first time, do not treat entire acreage until potato sensitivity is determined. Do not apply postemergence within 3 days after cloudy, cool, or wet weather. Do not apply to potatoes under stress (moisture, disease, mechanical injury, nutrient deficiency, frost damage, or excessive heat), or crop may be injured.

Tank-mixtures Read and follow applicable "Restrictions and Limitations and Directions for Use" on all product labels in a tank-mixture. The most restrictive labeling applies to use of tank-mixtures. Metribuzin may be applied in two- or three-way tank-mixtures with Chateau, Dual Magnum, Eptam (chemigation only), rimsulfuron, Outlook, or Prowl, and preemergence only in three-way tank-mixtures with rimsulfuron + Dual Magnum, Eptam, or Prowl, or with Dual Magnum + Eptam.

Re-cropping restrictions None on label.

Rotational cropping restrictions Do not plant onions, lettuce, cole and Brassica crops, or cucurbits during the growing season following metribuzin applications. Do not plant sugar beets for 18 months after metribuzin application. Certain cereal varieties are sensitive to metribuzin (see cereal section of label) and should not be planted during the growing season after metribuzin use unless moldboard plowing deeply enough to mix the upper 8 inches of soil and potato vines left in rows after harvest are uniformly distributed over the soil surface before plowing.

Site of action Group 5: photosystem II inhibitor

Chemical family Triazinone

paraquat (Gramoxone SL or Inteon, 2 lb paraquat cation/gal; Firestorm, 3 lb paraquat cation/gal; or others)

Rate 1 to 2 pints/a (0.25 to 0.5 lb ae/a) Gramoxone SL or Inteon; or 0.7 to 1.3 pints/a (0.26 to 0.49 lb ae/a) Firestorm. Do not exceed three applications of Firestorm per year.

Time Apply after weeds emerge but before potatoes emerge. Delay application to allow maximum weed emergence, but apply no later than ground cracking, before potatoes emerge. Paraquat will not control weeds that emerge after application. Do not exceed three applications per year.

Application methods Ground or aerial. Add a nonionic surfactant containing 75% or more surface-active agent at 0.125% v/v (1 pint/100 gal spray mix) or crop oil concentrate at 1% v/v (1 gal/100 gal spray mix) for ground applications or 1 pint/a for aerial applications. The herbicide kills most green plant growth on contact; thus good spray coverage is essential.

Remarks Nonselective, postemergence herbicide. Paraquat is rainfast 30 minutes after application.

Caution A restricted-use herbicide. Applications after crop emerges have reduced yields because of injury. Follow all use restrictions and precautions on label. Requires special safety equipment for handling, mixing, and spraying.

Tank-mixtures See label for allowed tank-mixtures. Read and follow applicable "Restrictions and Limitations and Directions for Use" on all product labels in a tank-mixture. The most restrictive labeling applies to use of tank-mixtures.

Site of action Group 22: photosystem I electron diversion

Chemical family Bipyridilium

pendimethalin (Prowl 3.3EC, 3.3 lb ai/gal; or Prowl H2O, 3.8 lb ai/gal)

Rate Prowl 3.3EC: 1.2 to 1.8 pints/a (0.5 to 0.74 lb ai/a) in coarse soil; 1.8 to 2.4 pints/a (0.74 to 1 lb ai/a) in medium-texture soil with less than 3% organic matter; 2.4 to 3.6 pints/a (1 to 1.5 lb ai/a) in medium-texture soil with more than 3% organic matter or fine-texture soil with less than 3% organic matter; and 3.6 pints/a (1.5 lb ai/a) in fine-texture soil with more than 3% organic matter. Prowl H2O: 1.5 pints/a (0.7 lb ai/a) in coarse soil; 2 pints/a (0.95 lb ai/a) in medium-texture soil with less than 3% organic matter; and 3 pints/a (1.4 lb ai/a) in medium-texture soil with more than 3% organic matter or in fine-texture soil.

Time Preemergence and preemergence-incorporated after planting but before potatoes and weeds emerge, and early postemergence up to the 6-inch stage of potato growth. Preemergence-incorporated applications can also be made before or at dragoff.

Application methods Ground, chemigation, or aerial. Prowl can be applied preemergence in liquid fertilizer or impregnated onto dry fertilizer (see label for specific requirements/restrictions).

Incorporation methods Preemergence ground or aerial applications must have rain, irrigation, or shallow mechanical incorporation to move herbicide into the upper soil surface where weeds germinate. Prowl is most effective with adequate rain or irrigation within 7 days of application. During the shallow mechanical incorporation for preemergence-incorporated applications, take care that equipment does not damage seed pieces or elongating sprouts. Preemergence-incorporated application can be made and incorporated before, at, or after dragoff but before potato and weeds emerge. In furrow-irrigated fields, apply after final hilling and thoroughly incorporate 1 to 2 inches deep with equipment that will not damage potato seed pieces or elongating sprouts. Chemigate with 0.5 to 0.75 inch irrigation water during the first sprinkler set. Apply only through center pivot, lateral move, end tow, side/wheel roll, traveler, big gun, solid set, or hand move irrigation systems.

Remarks Will not control established weeds. Prowl is most effective with adequate rain or overhead irrigation after application.

Caution Do not exceed maximum rate allowed for any soil type. Do not apply postemergence if potatoes are stressed because the crop may be injured. Do not apply to peat or muck soils. Do not apply more than once per season. "White Rose" may be injured if Prowl H2O is applied during or before cool and/or wet weather.

Tank-mixtures Read and follow applicable "Restrictions and Limitations and Directions for Use" on all product labels in a tank-mixture. The most restrictive labeling applies to use of tank-mixtures. Prowl may be applied preemergence with Chateau, Eptam, Dual Magnum, rimsulfuron, Outlook, and/or metribuzin. Prowl + Eptam may be applied early postemergence by chemigation only (from potato crop emergence to 6 inch height). Prowl + metribuzin may be applied early postemergence. Prowl + Eptam + metribuzin may be applied by ground or chemigation preemergence in Idaho, Oregon, or Washington only. Prowl + Eptam + metribuzin may be applied early postemergence by chemigation only.

Re-cropping restrictions If crop fails because of weather, any crop registered for preplant-incorporated applications of Prowl may be replanted without adverse effects the same year. If replanting is necessary, do not work the soil deeper than the treated zone.

Rotational cropping restrictions Wheat and barley may be planted 4 months after application. Do not plant sugar beets, red beets, or spinach for 12 months after application; plow soil 12 inches deep before planting these crops. All other crops can be planted the following year. If crop fails where irrigation is necessary to produce the crop treated with Prowl, and the treated land is fallowed in summer, do not plant winter wheat or winter barley as follow crops that fall.

Site of action Group 3: microtubule assembly inhibitor

Chemical family Dinitroaniline

rimsulfuron (Matrix SG; Matrix FNV; Solida; or others 25%)

Rate Preemergence or postemergence: use 1 to 1.5 oz/a (0.0156 to 0.023 lb ai/a); can split preemergence + postemergence or postemergence + postemergence. Do not exceed a total of 2.5 oz/a (0.039 lb ai/a).

Time May be applied preemergence after hilling or dragoff but before potatoes and weeds emerge; postemergence when weeds are small (less than 1 inch high or across for most species); as a split preemergence + postemergence application; or as a split postemergence + postemergence application. For best results, apply rimsulfuron immediately after hilling, dragoff, or (reservoir tillage) operation to a clean, newly prepared seedbed. Depending on rain or other environmental conditions and the density of potato variety top growth (e.g., varieties such as "Russet Norkotah" may have poor top growth), a second rimsulfuron application may be needed to control second flushes of germinating annual weeds and new growth of treated perennials from underground roots or stolons. Make the second application 14 to 28 days after the first, and apply to small weeds that are less than 1 inch high or diameter that are actively growing. Quackgrass and crabgrass control may be better with postemergence than preemergence applications. For best Canada thistle control, apply rimsulfuron when weeds are small and actively growing. Quackgrass and Canada thistle not emerged at application require a second postemergence application for control.

Application methods Ground, chemigation, or aerial. Postemergence alone, always use a surfactant-a nonionic surfactant (NIS) at 0.125 to 0.25% v/v (1 to 2 pints/100 gal spray mix)-or a crop oil concentrate (COC) or methylated seed oil (MSO) at 1% v/v (1 gal/100 gal spray mix). Postemergence + metribuzin, use an NIS only; adding other adjuvant types such as MSO or COC may reduce crop tolerance. Do not apply aerially during a temperature inversion, when winds are gusty, or when conditions favor poor coverage and/or off-target spray movement.

Incorporation methods Chemigation: apply rimsulfuron in 0.33 to 1 inch/a water (0.33 to 0.5 inch on sandy soils) as a continuous injection in center pivot and self-propelled wheel move systems. For hand line and solid-set sprinkler irrigation systems, inject at the beginning of the set and apply 0.33 to 1 inch water. Research in Idaho shows that chemigated rimsulfuron controls weeds more consistently if applied preemergence and at the full labeled rate of 0.023 lb ai/a (1.5 oz/a). If rimsulfuron is chemigated after weeds emerge, weeds must be very small (cotyledon to two-leaf stage) for acceptable control, and a nonionic surfactant must be added to the spray mix. After preemergence ground or aerial applications, activate rimsulfuron in soil with 0.33 to 1 inch sprinkler irrigation (or a single rain) as soon as possible or within 5 days after application. Activating sprinkler irrigation is required regardless of soil moisture level at planting, and unless a single rain after application equals the activation moisture requirements. Follow postemergence ground or aerial applications by 0.33 to 1 inch of rain or sprinkler irrigation no sooner than 4 hours or later than 5 days for soil activation and best weed control. After preemergence or postemergence applications, apply at least 0.33 inch sprinkler irrigation to sandy soil, 0.5 inch to sandy loam, 0.75 inch to silt, and 1 inch to clay.

Remarks Rimsulfuron is a sulfonylurea herbicide. Biotypes of kochia, prickly lettuce, and Russian thistle resistant to sulfonylurea herbicides are present in Idaho, Oregon, and Washington; rimsulfuron will not control them. Therefore, use resistance-management strategies with rimsulfuron. A key strategy is to tank mix rimsulfuron with a herbicide that has a different mechanism of action and is effective on the resistant species. Also, cultural practices such as tillage, preventing weed escapes from going to seed, and good sanitation can help delay development of herbicide-resistant weed populations. Rimsulfuron is active on hairy nightshade but does not control cutleaf nightshade. When both hairy and cutleaf nightshade are present in a field, tank mix rimsulfuron with Eptam, Chateau, Dual Magnum, Outlook, or Stalwart to control both species. For information about rimsulfuron used in seed potatoes, see "Rimsulfuron-potatoes grown for seed" below.

Caution Applied postemergence, rimsulfuron may temporarily yellow potato foliage. Under environmental stress (cool, wet weather or hot or humid weather), rimsulfuron applied postemergence also may cause leaf malformations and stunt growth. Potatoes recover within 7 to 15 days. To reduce potential injury, apply only if the weather has been sunny at least 3 successive days. Avoid using COC or MSO adjuvants when potatoes are under heat stress. Do not use on seed potatoes unless permitted by a supplemental label. Do not apply within 60 days of harvest. Do not cultivate later than 7 days before or for 7 days after a postemergence application. Optimum time for cultivation after postemergence application is 7 to 14 days. Avoid spray drift. Rimsulfuron can be very active even at low dosages, and many crops, including small grains, canola, sugar beet, peas, and onions, are very sensitive to rimsulfuron drift.

Tank-mixtures Read and follow applicable "Restrictions and Limitations and Directions for Use" on all product labels in a tank-mixture. The most restrictive labeling applies to use of tank-mixtures. Preemergence tank-mixtures can be made with Chateau, Dual Magnum, Eptam, Outlook, Prowl 3.3EC or Prowl H2O, and/or metribuzin. Postemergence tank-mixtures can be made with metribuzin (use an NIS only) or Eptam (1 pint/a Eptam; include 2 lb/a spray-grade ammonium sulfate and methylated seed oil or organo-silicon/modified seed oil blend; for best results, rain or sprinkler irrigation of 0.33 to 1 inch no sooner than 4 hr but not later than 1 day after application). Rimsulfuron may be tank mixed with suitable registered fungicides in postemergence applications; see label for specific combinations and instructions.

Re-cropping restrictions No specifics are stated on labels.

Rotational cropping restrictions Corn may be planted any time; winter wheat may be planted after 4 mo; barley, spring wheat, and spring oats after 9 months except in certain Idaho counties (Teton, Caribou, Madison east of Hwy. 20, and Fremont east of Hwy. 20) where barley may be planted after 18 months; beans (dry and succulent), sweet corn, sunflowers, and soybeans after 10 months; and sugar beets after 18 months. Alfalfa, mint, and grass/pasture/hay seed may be planted after 4 months, onions after 10 months, and peas after 8 months if potatoes were grown under sprinkler irrigation with a minimum of 18 inches water per season in sand, loamy sand, and sandy loam soils having not more than 1.5% organic matter. Rate restrictions apply to some counties in Washington and Oregon. Refer to supplemental labels. Rotation intervals may need to extend to 18 months if drought prevails after application and before planting the rotation crop unless supplemental sprinkler irrigation has been more than 15 inches during the potato growing season. Rotation interval may need to extend to 18 months after applying in seed potato production if production practices decrease water amount/irrigation frequency and/or time for Matrix breakdown: that is, late planting. See supplemental label for details.

Site of action Group 2: acetolactate synthase (ALS) inhibitor

Chemical family Sulfonylurea

rimsulfuron (Matrix SG; Matrix FNV; Solida; or others, 25%)

Potatoes grown for seed

Rate Preemergence: 1.5 oz/a. Postemergence: 1 to 1.5 oz/a. Split preemergence: 1 to 1.5 oz/a followed by postemergence at 1 oz/a. Postemergence: 1 oz/a followed by postemergence at 1 oz/a. Do not exceed 2.5 oz/a per year.

Remarks May be used on potatoes grown for seed that use field-grown tubers as the planted seed piece, and are at least the progeny of the first field planting (first field planting uses laboratory-tested stocks that may be tissue-cultured plantlets, greenhouse-produced microtubers, minitubers, stem cuttings, or line selections). Do not use on potatoes grown for seed if grown from microtubers or transplants; these may be referred to as Generation 1, Nuclear, Elite 1, or Pre-Elite.

Incorporation methods To activate preemergence applications, moisture must be supplied by a single rain or sprinkler irrigation of 0.33 to 1 inch depending on soil texture (apply at least 0.33 inch to sandy soils, at least 0.5 inch to sandy loam soils, at least 0.75 inch to silt soils, and at least 1 inch to clay soils) within 5 days after application, to move herbicide 2 to 3 inches into the soil.

Caution Do not apply to plants stressed by cold, drought, herbicide injury, and/or insect or disease injury. Consider informing your state seed certification agency or inspector that this herbicide has been applied to your seed potatoes. Application to crop under stress (such as drought, frost, or extreme temperatures or temperature variations) may cause temporary chlorosis, leaf crinkling, pinching of terminal leaflet, and/or mottled leaf color. These may be similar to virus symptoms but usually disappear within 5 to 15 days of application.

Rotational cropping restrictions The rotational crop interval for spring barley is extended to 18 months due to the generally shorter growing seasons and different cultural practices in seed production in California, Idaho, Oregon, Montana, South Dakota, Washington, Colorado, and parts of North Dakota (all counties in North Dakota except Pembina, Towner, Walsh, Grand Forks, Trail, and Cass). The rotational planting interval for other crops on label may need to be extended to 18 months if seed potato production decreases water and/or time for herbicide breakdown. Practices that may shorten the breakdown are late planting or less frequent irrigations compared with commercial potato production practices. Potatoes can be planted any time after using this herbicide in potatoes grown for seed.

Site of action Group 2: acetolactate synthase (ALS) inhibitor

Chemical family Sulfonylurea

S-metolachlor (Dual Magnum, 7.62 lb ai/gal)

Rate Preplant incorporated: 1 to 2 pints/a to the soil and incorporate into the top 3 inches before planting. Preemergence: 1 to 2 pints/a (0.95 to 1.9 lb ai/a), using lower rates on soils that are coarse or low in organic matter. Up to 2.6 pt/a of Dual Magnum alone may be used where soil organic matter is between 6% and 20%. Do not apply preemergence after preplant incorporated application. Postemergence (layby/after final hilling): 1.67 pints/a (1.6 lb ai/a). Postemergence application may be applied over a previous Dual Magnum application, but do not apply more than 3.6 pints/a of Dual Magnum in a single crop season. Postplant incorporated application may be made any time after planting to drag-off but before potato emergence.

Note: S-metolachlor also is formulated as Dual II Magnum (7.64 lb ai/gal and includes a safener for corn) and as Dual IIG Magnum (16% G). Refer to labels of those herbicides to determine rates, timing, etc. for use in potatoes.

Time Apply preplant or post-plant incorporated, preemergence, or postemergence layby/after final hilling. Postemergence application will not control emerged weeds. In furrow-irrigated fields, apply after final hilling and incorporate with equipment that will not damage potato seed pieces or elongating sprouts.

Application methods Ground, chemigation (center pivot irrigation systems only), aerial.

Incorporation methods

Preplant: Incorporate into the top 3 inches before planting, using a finishing disk, harrow, rolling cultivator, or similar implement. During planting and later cultural practices, avoid bringing untreated soil to the surface. Postplant incorporated application: use an implement that evenly distributes Dual Magnum in the top 2 inches of soil. Do not damage potato seed pieces or sprouts with incorporation equipment.

Preemergence (before potato and weeds emerge): If available, sprinkler irrigate within 2 days after application. Apply 0.5 to 1 inch of water. Use lower water volume on coarse-textured soils and higher volume (1 inch) on fine-textured soils. If irrigation is not possible and rain does not occur within 2 days after planting and application, weed control may be decreased. Under these conditions, a uniform, shallow cultivation can be made as soon as weeds emerge, or incorporate with an implement that evenly distributes herbicide into top inches of soil. Do not damage seed pieces or sprouts with incorporation equipment. Postemergence (layby/after final hilling): this application will not control emerged weeds. Dual Magnum may be applied postemergence over a previous application, but do not exceed 3.6 pints/a in a single growing season.

Preemergence or postemergence through chemigation: Dual Magnum may be applied preemergence or postemergence through center-pivot irrigation systems. Apply the proper rate, depending on soil type, in 0.5 to 1 inch of water before weeds emerge. Uniform water incorporation (first water after application) is important.

Dual Magnum can be applied preplant or post-plant incorporated: Apply Dual Magnum at 1 to 2 pints/a to the soil and incorporate into the top 3 inches before planting, using a finishing disk, harrow, rolling cultivator, or similar implement. During planting and later cultural practices, avoid bringing untreated soil to the surface. Postplant incorporated application may be made any time after planting to drag-off, but before potato emergence. Use an implement that evenly distributes Dual Magnum in the top 2 inches of soil. Do not damage potato seed pieces or sprouts with incorporation equipment.

Caution If applied preplant incorporated, do not follow with a preemergence application. Do not use on muck or peat soils. Crop may be injured after Dual Magnum if soil moisture is abnormally high during early crop development. Do not harvest within 60 days after the at-planting to preemergence dragoff/after hilling application or within 40 days after a postemergence layby/after final hilling application.

Tank-mixtures Read and follow the applicable "Restrictions and Limitations and Directions for Use" on all product labels in a tank-mixture. The most restrictive labeling applies to use of tank-mixtures. Dual Magnum may be used in a two-way tank-mix with rimsulfuron, Prowl H2O, or metribuzin and in a three-way tank-mix with Eptam + Prowl or rimsulfuron + metribuzin (preemergence only).

Re-cropping restrictions If potato crop fails, corn, soybeans, potatoes, safflower, or other Dual Magnum-registered crops may be replanted immediately, provided that the rate of Dual Magnum applied to the lost potato crop was not greater than the labeled rate for the crop to be replanted.. Do not make a second broadcast application.

Rotational cropping restrictions Do not plant barley, oats, rye, or wheat until 4.5 months after application. Alfalfa may be planted 4 months after application. Clover may be seeded 9 months after application. Any crop labeled for Dual Magnum use and pod and root crops, buckwheat, or milo (sorghum) may be planted the spring after treatment.

Site of action (S-metolachlor) Group 15: inhibits very long chain fatty acid synthesis

Chemical family Chloroacetamide

S-metolachlor + glyphosate (Sequence, a formulated premix of 3 lb ai S-metolachlor + 2.25 lb ae/gal glyphosate)

Rate Do not exceed 2.5 pints/a formulated product on coarse soils, 3.75 pints/a formulated product on medium soils with less than 3% organic matter, or 4 pints/a formulated product on fine textured soils with greater than 3% organic matter. Do not exceed 4 pints of Sequence per acre per season.

Time Sequence may be applied during or after planting but before crop emergence.

Application methods Ground in 15 to 40 gal/a or aerial in 3 to 15 gal/a water. Do not apply this product through any type of irrigation system. When foliage is dense, spray volume should be increased to ensure coverage of the target weeds. Flat-fan nozzles will result in the most effective application. Control of emerged weeds may be improved by adding dry ammonium sulfate at 8.5 to 17 lb/100 gallons of water. Liquid formulations of AMS may be used at an equivalent rate.

Remarks Sequence is considered a foliar systemic herbicide that may be applied to control a broad spectrum of emerged weeds and can provide some residual control of certain weeds listed on the label. If rainfall or irrigation is not received within 7 days after application of Sequence, residual weed control may be reduced. Under these conditions, cultivate or use other weed control measures if weeds develop. If emerged at application time, weeds must be actively growing. For best possible annual weed control, apply to weeds 6 inches or less in height. If annual weeds have been mowed or grazed prior to application, wait for 3 to 4 inches of new growth to appear prior to application. When perennial weeds have been mowed or grazed, refer to the label for the recommended stage that new growth should reach prior to application.

Caution Application must be made before crop emergence. Contact with potato foliage will result in crop injury. If cool, wet conditions occur after application, Sequence may delay maturity and/or reduce yield of "Superior" or other early-maturing varieties. Do not harvest within 60 days after application.

Tank-mixtures Sequence can be tank-mixed with metribuzin or Prowl for control or suppression of annual and perennial weeds provided that the tank-mix product label allows use of the product. Refer to the Sequence label for weeds controlled and application rates for these tank-mixtures.

Re-cropping restrictions If crop treated with Sequence alone is lost, corn, legume vegetables (succulent or dried), potatoes, sorghum, soybeans, sunflowers, or transplanted tomatoes may be replanted immediately.

Rotational cropping restrictions Do not plant barley, oats, rye, or wheat before 4.5 months after application; alfalfa 4 months; tomato 6 months; or clover 9 months. Buckwheat, milo (sorghum) cabbage, stone fruits, or tree nuts may also be planted in the spring following treatment.

Site of action (S-metolachlor) Group 15: inhibits very long chain fatty acid synthesis; (glyphosate) Group 9: inhibits EPSP synthase

Chemical family (S-metolachlor) Chloroacetamide; (glyphosate) none generally accepted

S-metolachlor + metribuzin (Boundary 6.5 EC, a formulated premix of 5.25 lb ai S-metolachlor + 1.25 lb ai/gal metribuzin)

Rate Preemergence: 1.5 to 2.9 pints/a (1 lb ai/a S-metolachlor + 0.23 lb ai/a metribuzin to 1.9 lb ai/a S-metolachlor + 0.45 lb ai/a metribuzin). Postemergence (for application in center pivot irrigation water only): 1.5 to 2.2 pints/a (1 lb ai/a S-metolachlor + 0.23 lb ai/a metribuzin to 1.3 lb ai/a S-metolachlor + 0.34 lb ai/a metribuzin). Refer to label for rate ranges according to soil texture. Two applications permitted per year. In soils with 3 to 10% OM, do not exceed 5.1 pints/a per year (3.35 lb ai/a S-metolachlor + 0.8 lb ai/a metribuzin). In soils with 0.5 to 3% OM, do not exceed 4.95 pints/a per year (3.25 lb ai/a S-metolachlor + 0.77 lb ai/a metribuzin). Do not exceed 1 lb ai/a of metribuzin per year.

Time Preemergence: after planting but before crop emergence. Postemergence: after drag-off if that is usual practice, but at least 60 days before harvest.

Application methods Preemergence: ground, irrigation (center pivot irrigation equipment), or aerial. Postemergence: center pivot irrigation equipment only. Meter into the irrigation water during the entire period of water application. Apply in 0.5 to 1 inch of water. More than 1 inch of water at application may reduce weed control by moving the herbicide below the effective zone in the soil. Refer to the "Center Pivot Irrigation Application" section of the label for more chemigation application information.

Incorporation methods Rain or irrigation is required to activate Boundary 6.5EC. In areas of low rainfall, follow a preemergence application with irrigation of 0.25 to 0.5 inch of water. Do not irrigate heavily immediately after application.

Remarks Boundary 6.5EC is recommended for preemergence weed control prior to or after potatoes emerge. Boundary 6.5EC has some postemergence activity on weeds, but the consistency and spectrum of weed control is much better preemergence for weeds. As with many surface-applied herbicides, weed control and crop tolerance may vary with rainfall and/or soil texture.

Caution Preplant-incorporated applications are not recommended due to an increased risk of crop injury. Boundary 6.5EC is not recommended for muck or peat soils. Do not apply Boundary 6.5EC postemergence if the weather in the next 3 days is predicted to be cool, wet, or cloudy, as crop injury may occur. Do not harvest within 60 days of the last Boundary 6.5EC application. Do not apply after June 30 in Idaho, Oregon, or Washington if the treated land will be planted to a crop other than potatoes in the fall. See previous entries in this section for potato variety sensitivity to metribuzin. In general, do not apply postemergence to early-maturing, smooth-skinned, white-skinned, or red-skinned varieties of potato. Preemergence applications may cause crop injury under adverse weather conditions, on coarse soils, under high soil pH, and with higher use rates. Potato varieties may vary in their response to a given herbicide application. When using Boundary 6.5EC for the first time on a particular variety, always determine crop tolerance before using on a field-scale.

Tank-mixtures Read and follow the applicable "Restrictions and Limitations and Directions for Use" on all product labels in a tank-mixture. The most restrictive labeling applies to use of tank-mixtures. For preemergence applications in potatoes, Boundary 6.5EC may be tank mixed with other pesticide products registered for use in this way and timing in potatoes. For postemergence applications (center pivot irrigation applications only), i.e., where potato vines are exposed, there may be increased risk of crop injury from certain product mixtures. At this application timing, tank mix Boundary 6.5EC only with pesticide products that allow tank mixing and postemergence chemigation on their product label.

Re-cropping restrictions If replanting is necessary in fields previously treated with Boundary 6.5EC, the field may be replanted to soybeans or potatoes. Before replanting, refer to the specific crop use sections for recommendations, precautions, and restrictions.

Rotational cropping restrictions Do not plant winter barley, winter wheat, or alfalfa until 4.5 months after application. Corn, peas, spring barley, or spring wheat may be planted 8 months after application. Do not plant asparagus, forage grasses, lentils, tomatoes, or other crops not listed (except root crops) until 12 months after application. Onions, sugar beets, and other root crops may not be planted until 18 months after application.

Site of action (S-metolachlor) Group 15: inhibits very long chain fatty acid synthesis; (metribuzin) Group 5: photosystem II inhibitor.

Chemical family (S-metolachlor) Chloroacetamide; (metribuzin) Triazinone

sulfentrazone (only Sulfentrazone 39.6 SC, 4 lb ai/gal; or Willowood Sulfentrazone 4SC, 4 lb ai/gal)

Rate 3 to 8 fl oz/a (0.094 to 0.25 lb ai/a) depending on soil texture, percentage of organic matter (OM), and pH. Do not apply more than 8.0 fl oz/a (0.25 lb ai/a) in the 12 months after the first application. Use sulfentrazone rates in the lower range when soil pH is above 7. This herbicide is usually more available in the soil solution for uptake when soil pH is above 7 than in soils with lower pH. Availability influences weed control effectiveness and crop response.

Coarse soils with less than or equal to 3% OM-3.0 to 4.5 fl oz/a; coarse soils with 3% or more OM-4.5 to 6.0 fl oz/a. Do not apply to soils classified as sand and with less than 1% OM.

Medium-texture soils with less than 1.5% OM-3 to 4.5 fl oz/a; medium-texture soils with 1.5 to 3% OM-3.75 to 6 fl oz/a; medium-texture soils with more than 3% OM-5.25 to 6.75 fl oz/a.

Refer to the EPA-approved labels for a soil categories chart and for information on fine-texture soil rates.

Time Apply after planting and dragoff but before potato crop emerges. Do not apply to emerged potatoes. If applied during or after potato emergence, crop response may be undesirable.

Application methods Ground, aerial, and chemigation. Make chemigation application only with center pivot, lateral move, end tow, solid set, or hand move irrigation systems. Apply in 0.25 to 0.5 inch water/a. Refer to the EPA-approved labels for specific application methods/requirements.

Application incorporation Performance is best with either rain or overhead irrigation within 7 days after application. If dry conditions exist for 7 days post-application, incorporate sulfentrazone into the soil to a depth no more than 2 inches.

Remarks Potato varieties may vary in their response to sulfentrazone. Factors such as heavy rain after application; cool and moist conditions before row closure; stress from heat; and soil conditions such as coarse texture, low organic matter, or high pH may affect crop response to the herbicide and herbicide availability, increasing risk of adverse crop response.

Caution Irrigation with highly alkaline water (high pH) after applying sulfentrazone may increase the amount of herbicide available in the soil solution for uptake by the potato crop. Crop injury can occur from irrigation with water having pH above 7.5.

Tank-mixtures Read and follow applicable "Restrictions and Limitations and Directions for Use" on all product labels in a tank-mixture. The most restrictive labeling applies to use of tank-mixtures including directions for re-cropping. Sulfentrazone may be applied with other soil-applied herbicides labeled for use in potatoes. Use a herbicide providing grass control with sulfentrazone.

Recropping restrictions If initial planting of labeled crops fails to produce a stand, only crops labeled for sulfentrazone or any tank-mix partner used, whichever is more restrictive, may be planted.

Rotational crop restrictions (Minimum rotational intervals) Cabbage, dry shell peas and beans, lima beans, mint, potato, soybean, and sunflower, and spring wheat (Pacific Northwest states ID, OR, WA only) may be planted any time after sulfentrazone use in potatoes. Other intervals include 4 months: barley, rye, triticale, and wheat (other than spring wheat in ID, OR, WA); 10 months: field corn, sorghum; 12 months: sweet potato, other cereal grains such as buckwheat, oat, pearl or proso millet, and teosinte; 18 months: sweet or popcorn; and 24 months: canola. Sugar beet may not be planted for 36 months after application in potato. See the EPA-approved labels for all other crops not listed. When sulfentrazone is tank mixed with another product(s), read and follow the directions for all tank mix partners.

Site of action Group 14: protoporphyrinogen oxidase (Protox) inhibitor

Chemical family Triazolinone

sulfentrazone + metribuzin (only Willowood Sulfentrazone MTZ DF, a formulated premix of 0.27 lb ai metribuzin + 0.18 lb ai sulfentrazone per pound of product (total of 0.45 lb active ingredient per pound of product))

Rate 8.3 to 22.2 oz/a (0.14 lb ai/a metribuzin + 0.09 lb ai/a sulfentrazone to 0.37 lb ai/a metribuzin + 0.25 lb ai/a sulfentrazone) depending on soil texture, percentage of organic matter (OM), and pH. Do not apply more than 22.2 oz/a Sulfentrazone MTZ DF (0.37 lb ai/a metribuzin + 0.25 lb ai/a sulfentrazone) or more than 0.25 lb ai/a sulfentrazone from any source in the 12 months after the first application. Use rates in the lower range when soil pH is above 7. This herbicide is usually more available in the soil solution for uptake when soil pH is above 7 than in soils with lower pH. Availability influences weed control effectiveness and crop response.

Coarse soils with less than or equal to 3% OM-8.3 to12.5 oz/a; coarse soils with greater than 3% OM-12.5 to 16.7 oz/a. Do not apply to soils classified as sand and with less than 1% OM.

Medium-texture soils with less than 1.5% OM-8.3 to 12.5 oz/a; medium-texture soils with 1.5 to 3% OM-10.4 to 16.7 oz/a; medium-texture soils with more than 3% OM-14.6 to 18.8 oz/a.

Refer to the EPA-approved labels for a soil categories chart and for information on fine-texture soil rates.

Time Apply after planting and dragoff but before potato crop emerges. Do not apply to emerged potatoes. If applied during or after potato emergence, crop response may be undesirable.

Application methods Ground, aerial, and chemigation. Make chemigation application only with center pivot, lateral move, end tow, solid set, or hand move irrigation systems. Apply in 0.25 to 0.5 inch water/a. Refer to the EPA-approved labels for specific application methods/requirements.

Application incorporation Performance is best with either rain or overhead irrigation within 7 days after application. If dry conditions exist for 7 days post-application, incorporate Willowood Sulfentrazone MTZ DF into the soil to a depth no more than 2 inches.

Remarks Potato varieties may vary in their response to Willowood Sulfentrazone MTZ DF. When making an application of Willowood Sulfentrazone MTZ DF on an untested variety, always determine the crop tolerance prior to planting or spraying with this product. Some potato varieties, including Sangre, Shepody and Snowden, have shown sensitivity to application of Willowood Sulfentrazone MTZ DF. Varieties sensitive to applications of metribuzin will more than likely be sensitive to Willowood Sulfentrazone MTZ DF. Caution should especially be used if planting these varieties on marginal coarse soils. Factors such as heavy rain after application; cool and moist conditions before row closure; stress from heat; and soil conditions such as coarse texture, low organic matter, or high pH may affect crop response to the herbicide and herbicide availability, increasing risk of adverse crop response.

Caution Irrigation with highly alkaline water (high pH) after applying Willowood Sulfentrazone MTZ DF may increase the amount of herbicide available in the soil solution for uptake by the potato crop. Crop injury can occur from irrigation with water having pH above 7.5.

Tank-mixtures Read and follow applicable "Restrictions and Limitations and Directions for Use" on all product labels in a tank-mixture. The most restrictive labeling applies to use of tank-mixtures including directions for re-cropping. Willowood Sulfentrazone MTZ DF may be applied with other soil-applied herbicides labeled for use in potatoes.

Recropping restrictions If initial planting of labeled crops fails to produce a stand, only crops labeled for Willowood Sulfentrazone MTZ DF or any tank-mix partner used, whichever is more restrictive, may be planted.

Rotational crop restrictions (Minimum rotational intervals) Field corn, popcorn, and soybeans may be planted any time after Willowood Sulfentrazone MTZ DF use in potatoes. Other intervals include 4 months: barley, wheat; 12 months: alfalfa, dry beans, potatoes, sunflower; 18 months: sorghum, sweet corn; and 24 months: canola. Sugar beet may be planted 24 months after application and a successful bioassay. Crops with rotational intervals that are greater than 12 months after a Willowood Sulfentrazone MTZ DF application are the result of crop injury concerns. These crops should only be planted following a successful bioassay. Sorghum may be planted after 12 months where Willowood Sulfentrazone MTZ DF was applied at rates 20 oz/acre or less in the previous cropping season.

See the EPA-approved labels for all other crops not listed. When Willowood Sulfentrazone MTZ DF is tank mixed with another product(s), read and follow the directions for all tank mix partners.

Site of action (sulfentrazone) Group 14: protoporphyrinogen oxidase (Protox) inhibitor; (metribuzin) Group 5: photosystem II inhibitor.

Chemical family (sulfentrazone) Triazolinone; (metribuzin) Triazinone