Pest description and crop damage The adult is a glossy black wasp, about 0.2 inch long. The larva initially resembles a small slug, due to the olive green slime that covers the body and the fact that the head is wider than the rest of the body. Mature larvae are 0.37-inch long and orange-yellow. Larvae feed on the upper surface of leaves, skeletonizing them. Heavy feeding causes leaf drop with reduction in vigor and yield, particularly on young trees.
Biology and life history Cherry slug overwinters as a pupa in a cocoon 2 to 3 inches deep in the soil. Adults emerge over an extended period in late April to May. The adult female inserts eggs into leaf tissue, and eggs hatch in 10 to 15 days. Larvae immediately begin to feed on the upper surface of the leaf. After 3 to 4 weeks, they drop to the soil to pupate. Second generation adults emerge in July and larvae from this generation feed in August and September. Most larvae from this generation drop to the ground to overwinter.
Pest monitoring Watch trees for the slug-like larvae in August and September when large populations can build up.
Specific biocontrol agents are not known, but this is rarely a pest in backyard gardens, so significant biocontrol likely occurs most years.
Home orchardists: Pick off individual larvae from infested leaves, or wash them off with a strong stream of water.
Management-chemical control: HOME USE
- carbaryl-Highly toxic to bees.
- esfenvalerate-Highly toxic to bees.
- insecticidal soap-Some formulations OMRI-listed for organic use.
- kaolin clay (Surround at Home)-Repels some insect pests when applied as a spray to leaves, stems, and fruit. OMRI-listed for organic use.
- pyrethrin-Some formulations are OMRI-listed for organic use. Highly toxic to bees.
- spinosad-Some formulations are OMRI-listed for organic use.
Management-chemical control: COMMERCIAL USE
Spring and summer sprays
- carbaryl (Carbaryl 4L) at 2 quarts/a. REI 12 hr. PHI 3 days. Extremely toxic to aquatic invertebrates; avoid spray drift and runoff to surface waters.
- imidacloprid (Prey 1.6F) at 6.0 to 8.0 fl oz/a. REI 12 hr. PHI 7 days.
- spinosad (Entrust SC) at 4 to 8 fl oz/a. REI 4 hr. PHI 7 days. Results are best when applied at petal fall. OMRI-listed for organic use. May act slowly. Do not exceed 29 fl oz/a per year.