Trade name(s) Scythe

Manufacturer(s) Dow AgroSciences

Formulation(s) 4.2 lb/gal emulsifiable concentrate

Remarks A contact, nonselective, broad-spectrum, foliar-applied herbicide. Nonsystemic and no soil residual.

Water solubility Emulsifiable

Acute toxicity LD50 - greater than 5,000 mg/kg (low toxicity)

Action in plant Control or burndown of a broad spectrum of weeds on contact.

Site of action Group 26: unknown

Chemical family Carboxylic acid


Rick Boydston
Revised March 2014

ASPARAGUS—Seedbeds and Early Establishment

See “Section N. Vegetable Crops: Site Preparation, Stale Seedbeds, and Selective Postemergence Applications” for additional options for weed control during asparagus establishment.

clethodim (several trade names)

Rate 0.07 to 0.12 lb ai/A

Established Tree, Shrub, Rose, and Ground Cover Landscapes

Ed Peachey
Revised March 2014

Multiply rate by 0.023 for amount per 1,000 sq ft


Available at agricultural and garden supply stores

Spun-bonded fabrics (non-woven) lightweight, extruded polypropylene fibers; requires mulch cover due to moderate UV light sensitivity; weed roots and rhizomes can penetrate fabric unless removed before establishment; cheapest option.

Greenhouse Floors

Ed Peachey
Revised December 2013

Diligent sanitation is the key to successful weed control inside greenhouses. Weed control also requires special precautions and the use of herbicides that have little or no chance to vaporize. Consequently, only a few herbicides are registered for use inside entirely enclosed greenhouses. Always turn off ventilation fans while applying postemergence herbicides, and avoid contact with desirable vegetation.


clethodim (Envoy)

Weed Control in Field-grown Nursery Stock

Ed Peachey
Revised December 2013

Weeds compete with newly planted nursery stock. Deep-rooted perennial weeds can reduce vigor and render a mature product unmarketable due to laws on transporting noxious weeds. Consequently, weeds are controlled with herbicides either broadcast-applied in closely spaced crops, or within the tree or shrub row for wider spaced crops, with alleys being mowed or flailed.

Weed Control in Container-grown Nursery Stock

Ed Peachey
Revised December 2013

Sanitation The first step to effective weed management is sanitation. Start with potting mixes that are free from weed seeds. Control weeds that have wind-dispersed seeds around the perimeter of the site. If weeds emerge in containers, remove them before they produce seeds. The more weed seed allowed to contaminate containers, the higher the probability that the weeds will germinate in areas where the herbicide barrier has been weakened or disrupted.


Joe DeFrancesco
Revised March 2014

KIWIFRUIT—Weed and Vegetation Management

Blackberries and Raspberries

Joe DeFrancesco
Revised March 2014

Boysenberry; Loganberry; blackberries (Marion, Evergreen and other cultivars); and red and black raspberries


glyphosate (numerous product names)

Rate Consult labels


Rick Boydston
Revised March 2014

MINT—Annual Grass and Broadleaf Weeds in New Plantings and Established Crop

sulfentrazone (Spartan 4F)

Rate 0.14 to 0.375 lb ai/A (4.5 to 12 fl oz/A product)


Rick Boydston
Revised March 2014

HOPS—Annual Grass and Broadleaf Weeds

flumioxazin (Chateau WDG)

Rate 0.19 lb ai/A (6 oz/A product).

Time Apply to dormant hops January thru March in a 1- to 1.5-foot band to each side of the hop row. Rain following application will improve preemergence weed control.

Clover Seed

Andrew Hulting
Revised December 2013

CLOVERS—Red, White, Crimson, and Arrowleaf


benefin (Balan DF)

Rate 1.2 to 1.5 lb ai/A (2 to 2.5 lb/A Balan DF)

Time Before planting clover, benefin must be incorporated into the top 2 to 3 inches of the seedbed.

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