Erica sp. [Heath]-Root Rot

PNW Plant Handbook Article Image
These limbs have died back due to a Phytophthora root rot.

Cause The fungus-like microorganism Phytophthora cinnamomi has been reported and found frequently in Oregon. Waterlogged soils and warm temperatures favor P. cinnamomi. It survives unfavorable periods in soil and infected plant debris. Under favorable conditions, spores germinate and infect roots. After infection, the microorganism spreads mainly in the inner bark tissues of the root and stems. Several spores can persist for several years. Movement of infected plants and/or soil can spread the organism.

Symptoms Leaves may turn grayish and/or the entire top of the plant wilts. Roots are rotted, and the entire plant eventually dies.

Cultural control

  • Provide good water drainage around roots.
  • Do not overwater.
  • Most species and cultivars need acid soil conditions.
  • Use clean potting media.
  • Avoid reusing pots from a previous crop for propagation. If pots must be reused then wash off all debris and soak in a sanitizing solution or treat with aerated steam for 30 min.
  • Isolate new plants for a time before planting among other heaths.

Chemical control No chemical is specifically registered, but Aliette and/or Subdue may be effective. Try on a few plants first before widespread use.